Volume 10, Issue 2
Original Article / Published: November 2022
Department of Urology and Nephrology
Military Medical Academy, Sofia, Bulgaria
The kidneys are involved in the regulation of glucose homeostasis by reabsorbing glucose filtered into the glomerular filtrate. Reabsorption occurs in the proximal convoluted tubule and is carried out by two isoforms of the sodium-glucose cotransporters (SGLTs). SGLT-2 inhibitors suppress renal glucose reabsorption by lowering the renal threshold for glucose excretion by inhibiting SGLT-2 protein in the proximal tubule of the kidney. As a result, the excretion of glucose in the urine increases. SGLT-2 inhibitors have revolutionized the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with or without cardiovascular disease and patients with diabetic nephropathy. The mechanism of action, SGLT-2 inhibitors is associated with an increase in glycosuria, a risk factor for genital and urinary infections. Additional studies and monitoring of adverse side effects and complications of treatment with these medications are needed. The occurrence of mild to moderate genital and urinary tract infections can be treated according to good clinical practice guidelines for this type of disease, and the continuation of treatment should be determined individually for each patient.
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SGLT-2 inhibitors, glycosuria, urinary tract infections
How to cite this article:
Petrova D. Treatment with SGLT-2 inhibitors and urinary tract and genital infections risk. Journal of Endourology and Minimally Invasive Surgery (Bulgaria), 2022; 10(2):5-9
Dr. Daniela Petrova, MD, PhD
Military Medical Academy of Sofia
Department of Urology and Nephrology
3 “Georgi Sofiiski” blvd.
Sofia 1606, Bulgaria